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What was China's Food Commodity Balance in 1996?
This is a summary of the FAO's Food Balance Sheet for China in 1996. An in-depth analysis can be fond here. The data table is here.
Cereals: Taking into account trade and stocks, China had a domestic cereal supply of 411.5 million tons - including almost 120 million tons of wheat, 131.9 million tons of rice and 139.3 million tons of maize. The total cereal supply available for food, however, was only 237.4 million tons (or 57.7% of the total domestic supply)  - some 129.6 million tons of cereals (mainly maize) were used to feed animals, and some 44.5 million tons were used for seeds, processing and other uses or were wasted. These cereals provided each person on average with 1,671 kcal, 36.8 grams of protein and 5.1 grams of fat on a daily basis.
Starchy Roots: The total domestic supply of starchy roots was almost 184 million tons. In 1996 significant amounts were used to feed animals: 81.8 million tons, or 44.5% of the total domestic supply. Only 72.8 million tons were used in direct human consumption.On average, each Chinese had a supply 161 kcal of food energy per day from starchy roots.
Vegetable Oils: The domestic supply of vegetable oils was almost 9.4 million tons in 1996   (as compared to 2.2 million tons in 1974-76). About two thirds of the oil was used for food - 3.1 million tons. Vegetable oils contributed 123 kcal (or 4.3%) to the average daily calorie supply per person.
Vegetables: Vegetables are increasingly important in China's diet. In 1996 the total domestic supply was 197 million tons. Most of the vegetables (180 million tons) were used for direct human consumption. They contributed 106 kcal (or 3.7%) to the daily per capita diet.
Fruits: There is also a rapid increase in the production of fruits. In 1996 China produced 76,4 million tons - up from only 13.1 million tons in 1974-76. Most fruits where available for direct human consumption (66.6 million tons). The annual per capita supply of 54.1 kg of fruits was equivalent to 47 kcal per day.
Alcoholic Beverages: In 1974-76, China produced some 2.5 million tons of alcoholic beverages (mostly beer and almost no wine) - in 1996 it was more than 10 times as much: 28.7 million tons). As can be expected, almost all the alcoholic beverage supply was used for direct human consumption. Alcoholic drinks contributed 86 kcal (or 3%) to the daily food energy supply. 
Meat: China produced some 51.5 million tons of meat in 1996. This included some 33.9 million tons of pigmeat (pork), 10.6 million tons of poultry meat, and 7.1 million tons of other meat (such as beef and veal, mutton and goat meat, and other meat). Every Chinese - on average - was supplied with 41.2 kg of meat per year. This was equivalent to 335 kcal per person per day.
Fish & Seafood: The total domestic supply was about 30 million tons, of which 23.4 million tons where available for human consumption (the rest was used as feed). The annual per capita fish supply in China was 19 kg.
Animal & Vegetable Food: China's diet is still primarily based on crops and vegetables. Only 17% of all daily calories and just 33% of all protein in 1996 came from animal products.
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)