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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
FAQ
What is the major reason for the loss of cultivated land in China?
According to recent land-use statistics from the Chinese State Land Administration the major reasons for the loss of cropland in China where (in descending order of relevance): (1) Conversion to horticulture land, (2) reforrestation, (3) all kinds of construction (roads, settlements, mining, etc.) and (4) disasters (mainly flooding). (See also our detailed tables in the Data section).
Agricultural restructuring is the major reason for loss of cropland in China. Between 1988 and 1995 Chinese farmers converted some 1.2 million hectares of cropland into horticulture. Almost 970 thousand hectares of cultivated land where converted into forest.
All kinds of construction activities (cities, towns, infrastructure, mining) diminished the cultivated land by 980 thousand hectares.
Among the environmental factors, flooding is by far the most important factor for the loss of cropland. Between 1988 and 1995 China lost some 850 thousand hectares because of natural disasters.
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)