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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
FAQ
What is China doing to modernize its agriculture and food industry?
In May 1996 Chinese government officials and science representatives gathered at a five-yearly congress to determine research priorities.They decided that agricultural research (aiming at the increase of crop yields) should be one of the top research priorities (Nature, Vol. 381, p. 725). The University of Wuhan has a topnotch center for rice breeding and biological pest control. The CAS Institute of Virology, Beijing has become a world-leading center on molecular virology and genetic engineering and is a key laboratory on plant cell and chromosome engineering. In central Hunan province and on the island of Hainan China is conducting field test of genetically modified plants on a scale much larger than in the West (Science, Vol. 270).
China is massively expanding its transportation infrastructure, such as roads, railways, canals. There is also a huge investment into the technical modernization of the transportation industry. The improvement of logistics is a key factor for China's food security, because the regional disparities in crop production potential require substantial re-distribution measures. In the past, it was often a failure in timely redistribution of grain, which caused local famines.
The reduction of post-harvest losses is an important source of increasing overall food supply. China's food industry is currently being modernized with the help of western technology in packaging, refrigeration, canning, and conservation.
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)