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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - Water Pollution
Water pollution in selected countries, 1993
Emissions of organic water pollutants (kg) Industry shares of emissions of organic pollutants (%)
Per day Per worker per day Primary metals Paper & pulp Chemi-
cals
Food &
beverages
Stone, ceramics, & glass Textiles Wood Other
1980 1993 1980 1993 1993 1993 1993 1993 1993 1993 1993 1993

China

3,358,203

5,339,072

0.14

0.15

22.0

10.0

14.0

33.3

0.4

11.5

0.4

8.3

USA

2,742,993

2,477,830

0.14

0.15

8.3

32.7

9.5

28.2

0.1

7.8

2.4

10.8

Japan

1,456,016

1,548,021

0.14

0.14

9.9

22.0

8.8

36.5

0.2

7.9

1.9

12.8

India

1,457,474

1,441,293

0.21

0.20

15.6

8.1

7.3

50.9

0.2

12.9

0.3

4.8

Germany

..

1,046,176

..

0.12

15.6

15.3

15.1

27.9

0.2

6.4

2.0

17.6

Brazil

866,790

855,432

0.16

0.17

10.4

13.5

9.1

45.8

0.3

11.5

3.0

6.4

UK

964,510

680,865

0.15

0.16

8.9

24.7

10.1

37.1

0.2

7.2

1.7

10.0

Ukraine

..

666,233

..

0.14

18.3

3.7

7.3

46.9

0.5

10.1

2.0

11.3

France

716,285

609,940

0.14

0.15

11.9

20.7

11.0

37.0

0.2

6.7

1.8

10.8

Indonesia

214,010

537,142

0.22

0.19

..

7.8

10.4

58.9

0.2

15.4

4.8

2.6

Poland

580,869

365,580

0.14

0.16

13.4

6.6

7.7

48.4

0.3

12.5

2.4

8.7

Korea, Rep. of

281,900

358,610

0.14

0.13

12.8

15.4

11.2

25.8

0.3

20.8

1.5

12.2

Italy

442,712

353,906

0.13

0.13

17.0

16.1

10.5

25.8

0.3

16.1

2.1

12.1

Spain

376,253

318,506

0.16

0.17

10.7

15.4

9.3

45.6

0.3

8.7

2.8

7.2

Canada

330,241

300,071

0.18

0.18

10.1

30.1

8.7

34.5

0.1

5.9

3.3

7.3

Thailand

214,426

256,930

0.22

0.16

6.3

7.6

6.8

46.4

0.3

26.4

1.9

4.3

Source: World Bank: 1998 World Development Indicators. Washington.
Data downloaded from:
www.worldbank.org/nipr/wdi98/index.htm (August 1998)
These are the 16 countries with the highest emissions of organic water pollutants for which data were available in the World Bank's 1998 development indicators. If these data are correct, then China has by far the highest emissions of organic water pollutants in the world. China's total daily emissions of about 5.3 million kg are equivalent to the emissions of the USA, Japan, and India combined. They are 10 times higher than Indonesia's emissions. According to these World Bank data, the food industry is the largest water polluter in China. One-third of all organic water pollution is caused by the food and beverages industries.  
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)