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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - Population Growth
Migration between provinces based on place of usual residence in 1985 and 1990.
T_Pop_1.gif (29507 bytes) These results are from the interprovincial migration matrix of China, based on retrospective questions in the 1990 census.
They indicate that the six coastal provinces of Guangdong, Beijing, Shanghai, Liaoning, Tianjin, and Jiangsu had substantial net inmigration from other provinces in the late 1980s.
The clear "winner" is Guangdong: between 1985 and 1990, some 1.26 million people moved from other Chinese provinces to this province, which is a center of modernization and industrialization. Only 250,000 people left Guangdong for other provinces.
The obvious "loser" is the agricultural province of Sichuan, which had a net loss of more than 846,000 people to other Chinese provinces between 1985 and 1990. Net losses of population due to migration were also reported for Guangxi, Zhejiang, Hunan, Heilongjiang, Anhui, and Hebei - all provinces with large agricultural sectors and low economic growth.
It is important to understand the relevance of these statisticrs. They merely indicate the official inter-provincial migration within a five-year period, which is small compared with the actual population movements. It is known that China has a large number of temporary migrants who leave rural areas to work in the booming cities. This "floating population" does not have official permission for permanent residence in the town or city. It is estimated that Beijing and Shanghai each have a floating population of 2-3 million people.
There is also an unknown number of illegal rural-urban migrants who have permanently moved to large cities and towns. They have found housing and work in a growing informal sector.
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Related Tables & Charts

Various Projections of China's Urban Populationblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Population by Registered versus De-facto Place of Residenceblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Migration between Provincesblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Rural Population in China by Selected Definitionblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Urban & Rural Population, 1952 - 1989blank_3.gif (810 bytes)Food Industry Indicatorsblank_3.gif (810 bytes)State Grain Procurement (primarily for urban population)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)Agricultural & Non-Agricultural Population by Place of Residenceblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Agricultural & Non-Agricultural Population by Place of Residenceblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Average Annual per cap. Income of Urban and Rural Householdsblank_3.gif (810 bytes)Agricultural & Non-agricultural Population in Provincial Capitals

Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)