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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 

Data - Urbanization / Migration     Select Year:  1996   1997

Population by registered versus actual place of residence, 1997

Total population Population living in 
town, township,
or subdistrict where
registered
Population not living in
town, township,
or subdistrict where
registered /1
Percentage
of population not
living where registered /1
(1,000) (1,000) (1,000) (%)
National 1,242,799 1,173,466 69,333 5.6
Beijing 12,850 10,734 2,116 16.5
Tianjin 9,678 8,732 946 9.8
Hebei 66,283 64,055 2,228 3.4
Shanxi 31,908 29,770 2,138 6.7
Inner Mongolia 23,611 21,601 2,010 8.5
Liaoning 42,039 38,326 3,713 8.8
Jilin 26,697 25,283 1,414 5.3
Heilongjiang 38,108 35,513 2,595 6.8
Shanghai 14,913 12,931 1,982 13.3
Jiangsu 72,562 67,289 5,273 7.3
Zhejiang 45,051 42,127 2,924 6.5
Anhui 62,199 59,351 2,848 4.6
Fujian 33,321 29,719 3,602 10.8
Jiangxi 42,158 39,688 2,470 5.9
Shandong 89,178 83,501 5,677 6.4
Henan 93,916 91,326 2,590 2.8
Hubei 59,677 57,098 2,579 4.3
Hunan 65,670 63,286 2,384 3.6
Guangdong 71,580 5,404 6,176 8.6
Guangxi 47,115 45,901 1,214 2.6
Hainan 7,560 7,073 487 6.4
Chongqing 30,904 29,497 1,407 4.6
Sichuan 85,642 81,994 3,648 4.3
Guizhou 36,631 35,609 1,022 2.8
Yunnan 41,589 39,479 2,110 5.1
Tibet 2,479 2,426 53 2.1
Shaanxi 36,269 34,713 1,556 4.3
Gansu 25,340 24,560 780 3.1
Qinghai 5,035 4,778 257 5.1
Ningxia 5384 5,189 195 3.6
Xinjiang 17,453 16,513 940 5.4
Source: China Statistical Yearbook, 1998. State Statistical Bureau, People's Republic of China, Beijing. p.111
Note: /1 This population consists of three groups: (1) population with residence registered in other township, town, or sub-district, but having actually resided in this enumeration area for more than half a year; (2) Population with residence registered in other township, town, or sub-district, but having actually resided in this enumeration area for less than half a year; (3) Population with residence registration in this enumeration area not yet settled.
The data in this table are from the Sample Survey on Population Changes in 1997, which had a sampling fraction of 1.028 of the total population.
Please also note, that this 1997 data include a new province: Chongqing, most of which was previously a part of Sichuan.
The table should be read as follows:
Of the 1.24 million people in this sample survey, 1.17 million actually lived in the township, town, or subdistrict, where they are registered. Some 69,300 people, however were not registered were they lived, but in some other township, town, or subdistrict.
Please also note that this is not a 0.001% (one per million), but a 0.001028% survey of the population. If we adjusted for the total population we can conclude that some 71.3 million people (or about 5.6 % of the population) in China did not live where they were registered.
The percentage of people who do not live where they are registered is, however, much higher in Beijing and Shanghai, where in 1997 some 16.5% and 13.3% of the population where registered outside the area where they actually lived.
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)