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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - Urbanization
Rural Population in China by Selected Definitions, 1978 - 1990
      Rural Population  
    Total
Population
Pre-1982
Definition
1982 Census
Definition
1990 Census
Definition
Rural
Residents
 
    million million % million % million % million %  
  1978 962.59 838 87.1 790 82.1 n.a. n.a. 811 84.2  
  1982 1,016.54 869 85.5 805 79.2 n.a. n.a. 838 82.4  
  1987 1,093.00 895 81.9 584 53.4 n.a. n.a. 868 79.9  
  1990 1,143.33 932 81.5 535 46.8 842 73.6 896 78.4  
  Note: We have applied the percentage information in Shen to the official total population numbers from the 1998 China Statistical Yearbook to calculate the urban population in million.  
  Source: This table was adapted from information in: Jianfa Shen (1995): Rural Development and Rural to Urban Migration in China 1978 - 1990. In: Geoforum, Vol. 26, No. 4, 395-409 (p. 401)  
This table, which was adapted from Jianfa Shen, demonstrates that one can proof almost everything with Chinese urbanization statistics by selecting the appropriate official definition. For instance, according to the 1982 census definition the rural population would have declined from 790 million in 1978 to 535 million in 1990; according to the pre-1982 definition it would have increased from 838 to 932 million.
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)