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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - State Procurement of Grain
State Procurement of Grain, 1952 - 1992
  State Procurement  
Sector 10,000 tons in % of
Total Production
1952 3,327.0 20.3
1957 4,804.0 24.6
1962 3,814.5 23.8
1967 4.935.5 22.7
1972 4,829.5 20.1
1977 5,661.5 20.0
1982 9,186.0 25.9
1987 12,092.0 34.4
1992 13,246.4 34.6
Note: Grain Production = Commercial Grain + Self Supply;   Commercial Grain = State Procurement + Free Market Trade;
Sources: China Statistical Yearbook, 1993, Beijing (p. 609)
In China's planned market economy the state procurement of grain serves two primary functions: (a) to balance grain supply between deficit and surplus regions, and (b) to provide food supply for the non-agricultural population in urban areas. In China, grain procurement is recently organized on the province level. Most of the grain procurement is at fixed prices. A varying, but small proportion, is procured at negociated prices. In the early 1990s between 30 and 40 percent of the grain production was procured by the state. The remaining amount was primarily for self supply of the farmers. Other than with vegetables or fruits, only a small percentage of the grain was sold at market prices (commercial grain).
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)