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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - Population
Population and Land Area in China by Altitude

Altitude

Area
(sqkm)

Area
(% of Total)

Population
(millions)

Population
(% of Total)

Population
Density

< 25 m

374,725

4.0

228

19.6

608

25-100

583,925

6.2

267

23.0

458

100-500

1,647,550

17.4

355

30.6

216

500-1000

1,517,150

16.1

141

12.2

93

1000-2000

2,290,675

24.2

129

11.1

56

2000-3000

571,725

6.1

30

2.6

52

> 3000 m

2,462,600

26.1

10

0.9

4

Source: IIASA LUC-GIS
In this table we grouped the Chinese population by (average) altitude. We found that in China some 228 million people - comparable to the combined population of Germany, France, Italy, and Spain - live only a few meters above sea level (on average, less than 25 meters). They live in a relatively small area (mostly in the East-China plane) of just 375 thousand square kilometers - which is about 4% of the total Chinese landmass. The population density there is, of course, extremely high - some 600 people per square kilometer.
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)