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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - Cultivated Land
Increase, Decrease and Net-Change of Cultivated Land in China by Province, 1988 - 1995
  Cultivated land
beginning of 1988
Total
increases
Total
decreases
Cultivated land
end of 1995
Net - change 1988-95
  hectares %

Beijing

413,412

3,651

33,057

384,006

-29,406

-7.11

Tianjin

498,511

5,524

14,741

489,294

-9,217

-1.85

Hebei

7,107,727

133,987

214,898

7,026,816

-80,912

-1.14

Shanxi

4,764,636

110,560

163,024

4,712,172

-52,464

-1.10

Shandong

8,025,047

153,897

208,265

7,970,679

-54,368

-0.68

Henan

8,440,599

47,446

161,099

8,326,946

-113,654

-1.35

Liaoning

4,309,540

92,301

204,432

4,197,410

-112,130

-2.60

Jilin

5,768,228

84,086

169,026

5,683,288

-84,940

-1.47

Heilongjiang

11,488,600

308,279

331,051

11,465,828

-22,772

-0.20

Shanghai

358,085

6,061

40,463

323,683

-34,402

-9.61

Jiangsu

5,246,729

72,207

250,265

5,068,671

-178,058

-3.39

Zhejiang

2,425,449

32,120

101,094

2,356,476

-68,974

-2.84

Anhui

6,120,498

32,922

130,812

6,022,608

-97,891

-1.60

Jiangxi

3,073,526

26,591

43,762

3,056,354

-17,172

-0.56

Hubei

5,098,048

50,908

227,547

4,921,409

-176,639

-3.46

Hunan

3,868,863

49,838

139,798

3,778,903

-89,960

-2.33

Fujian

1,564,695

19,563

43,129

1,541,129

-23,566

-1.51

Guangdong

3,310,207

157,069

253,173

3,214,102

-96,104

-2.90

Guangxi

4,322,945

262,358

150,599

4,434,704

111,759

2.59

Hainan

760,171

19,248

22,543

756,877

-3,294

-0.43

Sichuan

9,334,946

75,582

226,948

9,183,580

-151,366

-1.62

Guizhou

4,993,352

39,261

72,138

4,960,475

-32,877

-0.66

Yunnan

6,453,651

383,257

304,184

6,532,724

79,074

1.23

Tibet

367,908

7,483

14,841

360,549

-7,358

-2.00

Qinghai

607,679

28,612

5,972

630,318

22,639

3.73

Inner Mongolia

8,225,196

261,577

474,052

8,012,721

-212,475

-2.58

Shaanxi

5,699,393

142,197

504,480

5,337,109

-362,283

-6.36

Gansu

5,156,818

62,140

55,388

5,163,570

6,752

0.13

Ningxia

1,260,174

33,834

20,682

1,273,326

13,152

1.04

Xinjiang

3,770,258

379,650

222,696

3,927,213

156,954

4.16

CHINA TOTAL

132,834,891

3,082,208

4,804,159

131,112,940

-1,721,951

-1.30

Source: State Land Administration, Statistical Information on the Land of China in 1995. Beijing, 1996. And equivalent reports for 1988 to 1994.
Between 1988 and 1995 China lost 1.72 million hectares (or 1.3 %) of its cultivated land. This estimate takes into account the underreporting of cultivated land in 1988. Large areas of cultivated land also got lost in the province of Inner Mongolia (more than 212 thousand hectares) and Sichuan (151 thousand hectares).
With over 360 thousand hectares the province of Shaanxi had the largest net-loss of cultivated land. Its size declined by almost 6.4 percent.
The largest relative net-loss of cultivated land, however, was reported from Shanghai, which lost almost 10 percent of its cultivated area. With more than 7 percent Beijing also had a significant net-loss of cultivated land.
The only significant net-increase of cultivated land was reported from Xinjiang (157 thousand hectares or 4.2 percent).
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Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)