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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Data - Rice Balance
China's Rice Balance: Supply & Utilization, 1961-1996 (1000 tons) (Rice & Rice Products in milled equivalent) /*
Supply
Between 1982 and 1984 China's rice production rapidly increased; then it stagnated or even fell for the next five years. In 1989 and 1990 rice production increased again, so that stocks could be built up. That was good fortune, because in 1993 and especially in 1994 rice harvests where bad - even below the 1984 level. Stocks had to be used to achieve the necessary supply. 1995 was the first year, where China needed significant net-imports of rice. Fortunately, rice production was up again in 1996, so that no no imports and extractions from stocks were necessary.
Utilization
The most significant trend in China's rice utilization is the steady increase in the use of rice for feeding animals. Only in 1993 and 1994 - when rice harvests were not sufficient - the feeding rice to animals was reduced. However, there was again a significant increase in 1995 and 1996.
Utilization (in %)
The percentage distribution of major rice utilization shows a remarkably stable trend: between the early 1960s and the early 1990s China continuously used close to 90% of the available domestic supply of rice for direct human consumption. Only in 1995 and especially in 1996 this percentage declined - mainly because more rice was used to feed animals. As with wheat, a declining percentage of rice is used for seeds, while wastes and all other used remained stable.
Source: For all charts: WHO (1999): FAOSTAT. Food Balance Sheets. Rome (data downloaded through web)
Note: /* Data include Taiwan (but not Hong Kong)
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Related Tables & Charts

Projected Cereal Consumption and Grain Requirementsblank_3.gif (810 bytes)China's Food Balance in 1996 (most recent)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)China's Food Balance in 1964-66blank_3.gif (810 bytes)China's Food Balance in 1994-96blank_3.gif (810 bytes)Changes in China's Food Balance between 1964-66 and 1994-96blank_3.gif (810 bytes)Percent Changes in China's Food Balance between 1964-66 and 1994-96blank_3.gif (810 bytes)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)blank_3.gif (810 bytes)China's Wheat Balance, 1961 - 1996blank_3.gif (810 bytes)China's Rice Balance, 1961 - 1996blank_3.gif (810 bytes)China's Maize Balance, 1961 - 1996

Revision 2.0 (First revision published in 1999)  - Copyright 2011 by Gerhard K. Heilig. All rights reserved. (First revision: Copyright 1999 by IIASA.)