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Presentation

2nd Revision

Introduction

 
Arguments - Data Quality
Science and Technology in Agriculture, Livestock Production, and the Food Industry
Statistical data on the use of agricultural machinery, fertilizer application, irrigation, and rural electricity consumption in China are readily available and can be used to indirectly assess the state of technological modernization in China's agricultural sector. However, there is little quantitative information available on the efficiency level of these technologies. For instance, while irrigated areas have increased significantly in China, not much is known about the maintenance and actual performance of irrigation systems. Researchers have reported low (or even declining) efficiency; in some cases, water losses were estimated to be in the order of 40-50%.
Economic statistics indicate that the productivity of China's food industry has increased, but detailed information on the extent of technological modernization in food processing, preservation, packaging, etc., is not available (at least, not to the author).
Statistical information on transport capacities and infrastructure in China is also available. In general, this information is considered adequate for assessing the general trends.

China's science infrastructure has certainly opened up to the West. Numerous Chinese researchers now publish in international journals; collaborative projects with other countries are abundant; and many Chinese scientists have visited foreign universities and research centers. Personal communication between Chinese and foreign researchers has become much more open and direct than in the past. Yet, many Western scholars still have the impression that  timely, accurate, and relevant information is still a rather precious commodity in China.

Related Arguments

Science & Technology:   Trends     Impact    Data Quality    Prediction Error    Intervention Possibilities    Intervention Costs